Interesting Facts about Nigeria

In this post, I’ve shared some of the interesting facts about Nigeria.

Nigeria is a West African country  situated  between the Sahel to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total area of 923,769 square kilometers.

 What You will learn about Nigeria after reading this Post:

  • Brief history about Nigeria ( From colonial rule to Independence)
  • Population of Nigeria
  • Economy of Nigeria
  • Nigerian Tourism 
  • Politics in Nigeria 
  • Nigerian Culture 
  • Religion In Nigeria

16 Facts about Nigeria

  1. Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country. According to the most recent United Nations figures, Nigeria’s current population is 215,735,601 million  as of April 2022.

2. Nigeria is the second Richest African Country by Overall GDP after Egyptian (International Monetary Fund 2021)

3. Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria and also the largest city in whole Sub-Saharan Africa, with a population of over 15 million residents in April 2022 according to world population review.

4. English is the official language of Nigeria. However, over 525 native languages are spoken, with Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo being the major local languages, in terms of population.

5. On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence from the British, who had established administrative and legal structures while exercising indirect authority through traditional chiefdoms.

6. Nnamdi Benjamin Azikiwe  was Nigeria’s first President from 1963 to 1966.  Nnamdi is the  “Father of Nigerian Nationalism” because he was a motivating force for the country’s independence.

Facts about Nigeria
Nnamdi Benjamin Azikiwe

7. Nigeria is a multicultural country with over 300 ethnic groups speaking over 525 different languages and identifying with a wide range of traditions. The three major ethnic groups are Hausa in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east, accounting for more than 60% of the total population.

8. The constitution of Nigeria allows religious freedom. Islam is a dominant religion; it is estimated that more than half of the population is Muslim. Christian religions account for around 45 percent of the overall population, while indigenous religions, such as those native to Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups, are in the minority.

9. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union as well as a member of other international organizations such as the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, NAM, the Economic Community of West African States, and OPEC. 

10. Nigeria was named after the Niger River, which runs across the country. Flora Shaw, a British journalist, invented this name on January 8, 1897.

facts about Nigeria
Niger River

Also Read –  Interesting facts about The Democratic Republic of Congo.

Economic and Political Facts about Nigeria

11. Nigeria is a federal republic, with the President holding executive power. The president is both the head of state and the head of the federal government; the president is elected to a maximum of two four-year terms by popular vote. The president’s power is regulated by a Senate and a House of Representatives, which are merged into a bicameral legislature known as the National Assembly. The Senate is a 109-seat legislature with three senators from each state and one from Abuja’s capital area; members are elected to four-year terms by popular vote. The House has 360 seats, with the number of representatives assigned to each state based on population.

12. Nigeria has three separate legal systems. Common law, originating from the country’s British colonial past, customary law, developed from indigenous traditional norms and practice, and Sharia law, which is exclusively applied in the country’s largely Muslim northern states. The Supreme Court of Nigeria serves as the highest court. 

13. According to (FAO)  The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation 2020 report, agriculture employs around 35% of the Nigerian population. Despite the existence of oil in the nation, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy. Crop production, livestock, forestry, and fishing are the four sub-sectors of the agricultural sector.

14. Nigeria is the number one oil producer in Africa, according to OEC overview Nigeria’s major exports include crude petroleum ($30 billion), petroleum gas ($5.89 billion), scrap vessels ($1.29 billion), special purpose ships ($775 million), and refined petroleum ($613 million).

15 Nollywood is Nigeria’s film industry, and it is the world’s second largest in terms of output, producing over 2,500 films per year. This figure outnumbers Hollywood and is second only to Bollywood in india. Nollywood earns $600 million per year and employs over one million people.

16 Nigeria is home to Africa’s richest Man Aliko Dangote,  with a net worth estimated at $14 billion as of April 2022. He is the chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of Dangote Group, an industrial conglomerate.

Recommended: My African-related posts, such as interesting facts about Africa and facts about Tanzania, are among the most popular on this site.

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