Top 5 Hottest Countries In Africa

Before I name the hottest countries in Africa, there are a few concepts you should be familiar with. Africa is the world’s most tropical continent. What does this mean? and what exactly are Tropics?

The tropics are the areas of the Earth that surround the Equator. They are defined in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere, which is  23.43639° N, and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere, which is 23.43639° S, these latitudes correlate to the Earth’s axial tilt.

The tropics also cover any location on Earth where the Sun is directly above at least once a year. As a result, the greatest latitudes of the tropics have the same positive and negative value. Similarly, because the Earth is not a perfect sphere, they approximate the “angle” of the Earth’s axial tilt. The “angle” is not entirely set, owing mostly to the effect of the moon, but the tropics are a geographic convention, being an averaged form, and the deviation is quite small.

Because of Africa’s location between equatorial and subtropical latitudes in both the northern and southern hemispheres, it has a variety of climatic types. The continent is mostly located in the intertropical zone between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, which explains its very high humidity density. The intensity of precipitation is constantly high, and it is a hot continent. Warm and hot climates predominate across Africa, but the northern part is characterized by aridity and high temperatures. Only the continent’s northern and southernmost borders enjoy a Mediterranean climate. The equator, as well as the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, pass through the heart of Africa.

Because of its existing hot and dry climate straddling the equator, Africa is the most vulnerable continent to climate change.

Also Read – Wealthiest African countries by Overall GDP

According to the World Population Review, the following are the 5 hottest countries in Africa in 2022.

  1. Mali – Yearly temperature of 28.83°C / 83.89°F

Mali has the hottest climate in Africa, with an average yearly temperature of 83.89°F (28.83°C). Mali shares borders with  Senegal and Burkina Faso, the countries listed after it. The Sahara Desert occupies a large part of Mali, and the country receives minimal rain.

The climate in Mali is categorized into three seasons: a dry season from March to June, a rainy season from June to September, and an off-season  from October to February, which is characterized by a drying Saharan wind known as the harmattan.

2. Burkina Faso – Yearly temperature of  28.71°C / 83.68°F

Burkina Faso has a dry tropical climate with a short rainy season and a longer dry season. The movement of the Intertropical convergence zone has an effect on these seasons. The Sahel area, located in the country’s north, receives the least rainfall, with less than 600mm of annual precipitation. The North-Sudanian zone lies in the country’s center and receives 600-900mm of rain each year and  the South-Sudanian zone in the country’s south experiences an annual average rainfall of more than 900mm.

Rainfall in Burkina Faso is unpredictable and inconsistent, which causes many  problems for people and livelihoods on a regular basis.

3. SenegalYearly temperature of  28.65°C / 83.57°F

Senegal has a tropical climate with warm temperatures all year and distinct dry and humid seasons caused by northeast winter winds and southwest summer winds. The hot and dry harmattan wind dominates the dry season, which lasts from December to April.

4. Djibouti –  Yearly temperature of  28.38°C / 83.08°F

Djibouti’s climate is tropical desert near the coast and in the north, and semi-desert in the central-southern highlands. It is hot all year along the coast, which is where the capital is located.

The temperature is high, approximately 29 °C (84 °F) throughout the day, from December to February.  The temperature gradually rises around the  beginning of  March, and the heat becomes intense, especially in May, when daytime temperatures reach 35 °C (95 °F); nights are also warm, and humidity is high.

5. Mauritania –  Yearly temperature of  28.34°C / 83.01°F  

The climate of Mauritania is hot and desert in the center-north, but semi-desert in the south due to the summer monsoon, which delivers some rain between June and early October. The heat is moderated by sea breezes along the coast, but the temperature is pleasant only in the far north, which is also influenced by a cold sea current. Wind can cause sandstorms around the country.

Also Read – African Countries With the Best Quality Roads 

Top 10 hottest countries in Africa in 2022.

  1. Mali 
  2. Burkina Faso
  3. Senegal
  4. Djibouti
  5. Mauritania  
  6. Gambia 
  7. Benin 
  8. Ghana
  9. Seychelles
  10. Togo

My postings on Africa, such as Worst Prisons In Africa and Top 5 strongest Armies in Africa 2022, are among the most popular on this site.

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